new Delhi. Due to the need of social distancing due to Corona and shortage of laborers this year, farmers have increased the use of technology in farming. This time during the monsoon, farmers have already used the machine 25 per cent more in the paddy transplanting. According to agricultural experts, machines have been used for decades for the plowing of fields, instead of animals, but the widespread use of machinery in other agricultural operations including harvesting, sowing, and farming increased considerably during the Corona period. Because during this time there has been a large shortage of agricultural laborers.
When the nationwide lockdown to curb the outbreak of Corona epidemic took place in late March, harvesting of rabi crops was about to begin, so farmers' concerns about the absence of existentials increased. Especially in Punjab, Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, there was a shortage of laborers for harvesting the crop because the laborers coming from other provinces could not come due to lockdown and the workers who were present in these states also like – I had to return like that. At this time, farmers resorted to machines for harvesting crops and harvesting was completed in less time than before.
Dr. CR, Director of Central Agricultural Engineering Institute, Bhopal, under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Mehta told IANS that there is no doubt that during the Corona period, the use of the machine in all the farming operations including harvesting, sowing and transplanting of crops has been more. He said, "Earlier, farmers used to use machines for the cultivation of fields and for sowing and harvesting of crops, but this time the use of machines has increased by 25 per cent even in paddy transplantation which is more in need of laborers.
Dr. Mehta said that after the lockdown, the farmers were worried about the harvesting of wheat initially, but when the government gave necessary discounts including the use of machine, transport and purchase, hiring in agricultural work, their concern was removed and less Harvesting was done in time. Vijay Yadav, executive director of the Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi, which is under ICAR, told IANS that mechanization makes all the work, including harvesting, sowing, easier. He said that when there was a lack of laborers to harvest fodder in the Corona period, the machine was used on a wide scale, which made the work easier.
Under the Agricultural Mechanization Sub-Mission (SMAM) launched in April 2014, the work of promoting the use of the machine in farming is continuing. According to information received from the Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, a budget of Rs 1033 crore has been provided for this scheme in 2020-21, out of which 553 crore has been released to the state governments.
In view of the prevention of pollution caused by burning of straw, the Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare launched the CRM scheme (Crop Residue Management) in the year 2018 under which farmers are provided machinery for immediate management of crop residues through a custom hiring center. is. According to the information received from the Ministry, a budget of Rs 600 crore has been given for this scheme in the year 2020-21, out of which Rs 548.20 crore has been released to the states.
According to experts, in the Corona era, the utility of all agricultural machinery including tractors, power trillers, combine harvesters has increased for the farmers. On the other hand, the government has launched a special campaign to train migrant laborers to operate agricultural machinery, under which in-house skill training programs were organized at Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institutes (FMTTIs) at Budni in Madhya Pradesh and Hisar in Haryana. Are being done
This post was published on August 10, 2020 4:16 pm
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